The disease concept model of addiction:
Disease:a disorder of structure or function in a human, animal, or plant, especially one that produces specific signs or symptoms or that affects a specific location and is not simply a direct result of physical injury.
Concept:an abstract idea; a general notion.
Model:a three-dimensional representation of a person or thing or of a proposed structure, typically on a smaller scale than the original.
Addiction:the fact or condition of being addicted to a particular substance, thing, or activity.
When looking at this analytically, the medical model is a powerful tool.
If a healthy individual was to consume an exorbitant amount of sugar daily, that individual surely could develop the disease of diabetes. A type of diabetes is the genetic cessation of functioning of the beta islet cell in the pancreas; lack of which inhibits the process of sugars. Hence the disease of diabetes.
Hypothesis are strong with paralleling this to addiction. The reptilian part of the brain gets hijacked, the inhibition of regions of the brain get skewed, epigenetic influences are imprinted and get passed down; hence the notion of predisposition. All the while: an affliction brought on by choice reigns supreme. All of these are valid, but do they equate to a disease? Are we certain? Do we really have pathologic evidence? Or is this all still part of a working model?
The fitting of a behavior to a medical model disease seem to be wholesome and virtuous; but fitting these two concepts together seems like mismatching puzzle pieces that don’t quite fit, and simply result in a shattered image.
So what’s really behind the medical model impetus?